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Robots can compete with Humans
The rapid evolution of science and technology could negatively affect hundreds of millions of people. The total worldwide stock of operational industrial robots is estimated to 1,600,000 units. Germany is the largest industrial robot market in Europe. And the growth of this sector will be very strong in the coming years. From 2015 to 2017, robot installations are estimated to increase by 12% on average (around 6% in Europe and 16% in Asia- Figures IFR-). But the major problem lies in the fact that humans may have to compete against the robots for jobs. The fears about the consequences of rapid technological advances in the fields of robotics and artificial intelligence this time could not be exaggerated. A recent study (Mc Kinsey) stressed that the costs of factory automation relative to human labor have already dropped to nearly half of what they were in 1990. Therefore, those technologies will be accessible to more and more companies including small and medium-sized firms. With this in mind it is not surprising that another survey (Oxford University) underlined that nearly 50% of the current jobs in industry or services could disappear. The technological advances in design and production of drones clearly illustrate the risks for employment (delivery drivers, pilots etc..). Of course, unskilled and low-skilled jobs are particularly at risk. But soon, aircraft pilots, surgeons or accountants could be replaced by computers and robots. The disruption of the whole social organisation may result from these developments in science. What is certain is that artificial intelligence will revolutionize the way we work. It will be very difficult to address this challenge.