In the light of the rise of threats, European countries must awake from their torpor.
At a time of rising tension in many parts of the world the era of procrastination and of half measure is coming to its close. Until recently, many European leaders reassured themselves remembering the strong slogan "All for one and one for all". It is an obvious reference to Article 5 of NATO. Let us recall that NATO constitutes a system of collective defense whereby the 29 member states agree to mutual defense in response to an attack by a thirdparty country. Two major issues are at the core of the concerns of European governments.To start, Russia's aggressive strategy since the annexation of Crimea in 2014. And then, the unpredictability of the current US administration. Many observers believe that Europe is on its way to becoming a self sustaining force. Of couse, not to the detriment of NATO, but rather as a necessary supplement to the Organization. Confronted with these new challenges, 25 European state members have very recently decided to build a defense based on European industry and more specifically on European technologies (PESCO). Experts also welcome the idea of establishing a European Space, Data and Cyber Agency. However, the reality on the ground today shows serious military deficiences in the armed forces of European countries. Just one example : in October 2017 all of Germany's submarine fleet was in repair. Obviously, EU governments have to dig deeper into their pockets to establish an effective and autonomous military capacity. The current international context is a wake-up call to Europe.